The Law of Moses was the law given by God to the nation of Israel through their leader, Moses. It was given to them immediately after they fled Egypt and gathered at the base of Mount Sinai.  This law and the ordinances would not only regulate their religion but would serve as their national social laws as well.

Deuteronomy 4:7-8

“For what great nation is there that has God so near to it, as the LORD our God is to us, for whatever reason we may call upon Him? And what great nation is there that has such statutes and righteous judgments as are in all this law which I set before you this day?”

Deuteronomy 5:2-3

“The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. The LORD did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, those who are here today, all of us who are alive.”

Romans 2:14

“… the Gentiles, which have not the law…”

There is no question that these verses show that the Law of Moses was given to the nation of Israel.  It was not given to the other nations. But the Law was not meant to last forever. It was only temporary.

Galatians 3:19

“What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made…” (The “Seed” is a reference to Christ.)

Jeremiah 31:31

“Behold, the days are coming, says the LORD, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah.”

From these passages we learn that the Law was only temporary in nature. Not only that, but even the Ten Commandments, which was a part of the Law of Moses, was also done away.

Ephesians 2:14-15

“For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation, having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments…”

Colossians 2:14

Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross.”

 2 Corinthians 3:7

“But if the ministry of death, written and engraven in stones, was…done away…”

Even though the Ten Commandments were done away, several of those commands were repeated in the New Testament. The Sabbath day (Saturday), however, was specifically excluded.

Colossians 2:16

“So let no one judge you in food or in drink, or regarding a festival or a new moon or sabbaths,”

The Law of Moses was never intended by God to last forever but to serve a particular purpose for a particular people for a particular time. Its purpose and time revolved around the linage and the history of those people through which the Messiah would come into the world, the Jews.

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