This doctrine simply stated is that when Adam committed the first sin, and then had children, the guilt of Adam’s sin was passed on to his children at birth, then on to their children’s children, and so on. Each infant born into this world then is born with the guilt of Adam. It is argued that Romans 5:12 teaches original sin.

Romans 5:12

“Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all have sinned.”

This verse says nothing about Adam’s sin being passed on to anybody. It does say that it was Adam who caused “sin” to enter into the world, and as a result of that, “death” entered as well. It then says “thus death spread to all men.”  As a result of what Adam did, all men after him will physically die. The word “death” also has a secondary meaning referring to “a separation” from God when man sins. This verse says that death spread to all men, “because all have sinned“. All men after Adam have sinned, thereby sharing in the fate as Adam—separation from God.

 There is a passage in Ezekiel that clearly shows that we are not responsible for anyone’s sin but our own.

Ezekiel 18:20

“The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.”

The prophet Ezekiel tells us that the son is not accountable for the sin of his father, nor is the father accountable for the sin of his son. Stop and ask yourself this question, “Did Adam’s sin pass to his sons Cain and Abel?”  Ezekiel 18:20 says “NO!” And if Adam’s sin did not pass to his immediate children, then it certainly would not pass to his children’s children, or to us today.  Adam himself is the only one who will have to answer to God for Adam’s sins.  Each one of us will only be held accountable for those sins that we commit. 

Romans 14:12

“So then each of us shall give account of himself to God.”

Little children are innocent because they have no knowledge of good and evil.

Deuteronomy 1:39

“Moreover your little ones and your children, who you say will be victims, who today have no knowledge of good and evil, they shall go in there; to them I will give it, and they shall possess it.”

  Numerous passages show that children are innocent.  Notice the words of Jesus.           

Matthew 19:14

“But Jesus said, ‘Let the little children come to Me, and do not forbid them; for of such is the kingdom of heaven.’”

Jesus says that we must become like little children. This is why the phrase “born again” is used so often.  To be born again is to become like you were when you were first born, innocent. When you become a Christian, you are forgiven of all of you past sins, your slate has been wiped clean, thus you have become like a little child again! This comparison could not be made by Jesus if babies are born guilty of sin!

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